Dr. Tawfik Ismael

short Bio

Dr. Ismail is an Associate Professor in the department of Electronics and Computer, program, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nile University, Egypt. He is the director of the Wireless Intelligent Networks Center (WINC), Nile University since September 2019. He also holds the position of Associate Professor at the National Institute of Laser Enhanced Sciences, Cairo University, Egypt. In 2015, Dr. Ismail had postdoctoral research in optical and wireless communications at the technical institute of microwave and photonic engineering, University of Graz, Austria. In 2018, he joined the optical wireless communication research group at the department of engineering and sciences, University of Oxford, UK, to work in research of quantum communication in free space. His research interests lie in the broad areas including optical and wireless communications, mmWave, mobile edge computing, resource allocation, quantum cryptography, computer security, and blockchain, as well as the applications of artificial intelligence and machine learning in communication networks and healthcare.(SESC).

 

 

 

 

 

 

research tracks

co-authors

1)  Hassan Mostafa : Zewail City of Science and Technology, Egypt

2) M. Saeed Darweesh: Assistant Professor, Nile University, Egypt

3) Haitham Hassan Mahmoud: Early Stage Researcher at Birmingham City University (BCU)

4)  Mahmoud M. Elmesalawy: Associate Professor, Electronics and Communications Engineering Department, Helwan University.

5) Nancy Alshaer: Asst. Lecturer of Electronics and Electrical Communication Engineering Dept, Tanta University

awards

Activities

Publications

Mahmoud H.H.H., Amer A.A., Ismail T., “6G: A comprehensive survey on technologies, applications, challenges, and research problems”, Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies, Vol. 32, 2021, Doi:10.1002/ett.42332021Article
Ismail T., Emad A., Pal K., Fahim I., “Develop TE/TM Pass Filters on double-loaded-on-ridge Structure with ITO/TiN for Upstream FTTH Optical Access Networks”, Journal of Molecular Structure, Vol. 1228, 2021, Doi:10.1016/j.molstruc.2020.1297272021Article
Ismail T., Gad M.E., Mokhtar B., “Integrated VLC/RF Wireless Technologies for Reliable Content Caching System in Vehicular Networks”, IEEE Access, 2021, Doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2021.30703972021Article
Mohammed A., Ismail T., Nassar A., Mostafa H., “A Novel Companding Technique to Reduce High Peak to Average Power Ratio in OFDM Systems”, IEEE Access, Vol. 9, pp 35217 to 35228, 2021, Doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2021.30628202021Article
Yasser M., Ghuniem A., Hassan K.M., Ismail T., “Impact of nonzero boresight and jitter pointing errors on the performance of M-ary ASK/FSO system over Málaga (M) atmospheric turbulence”, Optical and Quantum Electronics, Vol. 53, 2021, Doi:10.1007/s11082-020-02715-92021Article
Alshaer N., Ismail T., Nasr M.E., “Generic evaluation of FSO system over Málaga turbulence channel with MPPM and non-zero-boresight pointing errors”, IET Communications, Vol. 14, pp 3294 to 3302, 2020, Doi:10.1049/iet-com.2020.02962020Article
Alshaer N., Ismail T., Nasr M.E., “Enhancing earth-to-satellite FSO system spectrum efficiency with adaptive M-ary PSK and SIMO in presence of scintillation and beam wander”, AEU – International Journal of Electronics and Communications, Vol. 125, 2020, Doi:10.1016/j.aeue.2020.1533662020Article
Alshaer N., Ismail T., Nasr M.E., “Performance evaluation and security analysis of ground-to-satellite FSO system with CVQKD protocol”, IET Communications, Vol. 14, pp 1534 to 1542, 2020, Doi:10.1049/iet-com.2019.07952020Article
Ismail T., Mahmoud H.H.M., “Optimum functional splits for optimizing energy consumption in V-RAn”, IEEE Access, Vol. 8, pp 194333 to 194341, 2020, Doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2020.30338792020Article
Mahmoud H.H.M., Ismail T., Darweesh M.S., “Dynamic Traffic Model with Optimal Gateways Placement in IP Cloud Heterogeneous CRAN”, IEEE Access, Vol. 8, pp 119062 to 119070, 2020, Doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2020.30044212020Article
Ibrahim A., Ismail T., Elsayed K.F., Darweesh M.S., Prat J., “Resource Allocation and Interference Management Techniques for OFDM-Based VLC Atto-Cells”, IEEE Access, Vol. 8, pp 127431 to 127439, 2020, Doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2020.30087612020Article
Anis B., Fllah H.E., Ismail T., Fathallah W.M., Khalil A.S.G., Hemeda O.M., Badr Y.A., “Preparation, characterization, and thermal conductivity of polyvinyl-formaldehyde/MWCNTs foam: A low cost heat sink substrate”, Journal of Materials Research and Technology, Vol. 9, pp 2934 to 2945, 2020, Doi:10.1016/j.jmrt.2020.01.0442020Article
Mahmoud H.H.H., Ismail T., “A Review of Machine learning Use-Cases in Telecommunication Industry in the 5G Era”, 16th International Computer Engineering Conference, ICENCO 2020, 2020, Doi:10.1109/ICENCO49778.2020.93573762020Conference Paper
Zayed G., Ismail T., Fahmy Y., “Visible Light Communications Localization Error Enhancement using Parameter Relaxation”, 16th International Computer Engineering Conference, ICENCO 2020, 2020, Doi:10.1109/ICENCO49778.2020.93573272020Conference Paper
Bassiouni M., Ismail T., Selmy H., Badr Y., “Generation of OFC by Self-Phase Modulation and Multiple Laser Sources in HNLF”, 16th International Computer Engineering Conference, ICENCO 2020, 2020, Doi:10.1109/ICENCO49778.2020.93573252020Conference Paper
Gad M.E., Ismail T., Hosny S., Mokhtar B., “Comparative Study of Vehicular Proactive Caching between Cellular and VLC Networks”, Proceedings of ICCES 2020 – 2020 15th International Conference on Computer Engineering and Systems, 2020, Doi:10.1109/ICCES51560.2020.93345562020Conference Paper
Ibrahim A.M., Darweesh M.S., Ismail T., “Real-Time Geometric Representation of Lane-Change Decision for Autonomous Vehicles Using Dynamic Optimization Algorithm”, International Symposium on Advanced Networks and Telecommunication Systems, ANTS, 2020, Doi:10.1109/ANTS50601.2020.93428092020Conference Paper
Emad A., Mahmoud H., Fahim I.S., Ismail T., “Modified P3HT:PCBM Active Material with LiF Vertical Cylinders for Organic Solar Cells”, 2nd Novel Intelligent and Leading Emerging Sciences Conference, NILES 2020, 2020, Doi:10.1109/NILES50944.2020.92579472020Conference Paper
Elghamry H., Ghoneim M., Abo Haggag A., Saeed Darweesh M., Ismail T., “Comparative Analysis of Various Machine Learning Techniques for Epileptic Seizures Detection and Prediction Using EEG Data”, 2nd Novel Intelligent and Leading Emerging Sciences Conference, NILES 2020, 2020, Doi:10.1109/NILES50944.2020.92579792020Conference Paper
Ibrahim A.M., Hassan R.M., Tawfiles A.E., Ismail T., Darweesh M.S., “Real-Time Collision Warning System Based on Computer Vision Using Mono Camera”, 2nd Novel Intelligent and Leading Emerging Sciences Conference, NILES 2020, 2020, Doi:10.1109/NILES50944.2020.92579412020Conference Paper
Emad A., Rashad A.R., Fahim I.S., Ismail T., “1D (1-Dimensional) Si P-N Junction with Organic Materials and Transparent Conductive Oxides (TCOs) Alternatives”, 2020 IEEE PES/IAS PowerAfrica, PowerAfrica 2020, 2020, Doi:10.1109/PowerAfrica49420.2020.92198152020Conference Paper
El-Shal I., Gad M.E., Ismail T., “Learning of mobile-traffic patterns for resource management and dynamic power controlling”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2020, Doi:10.1109/ICTON51198.2020.92031382020Conference Paper
Mahmoud H.H., Ismail T., Darweesh M.S., “Optimal function split via joint optimization of power consumption and bandwidth in V-RAN”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2020, Doi:10.1109/ICTON51198.2020.92035272020Conference Paper
Yasser M., Ismail T., Ghuniem A., “FSO communication with nonzero boresight and jitter over málaga atmospheric turbulence”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2020, Doi:10.1109/ICTON51198.2020.92033482020Conference Paper
Hesham H., Ismail T., Darweesh M.S., “Indoor localization and movement prediction algorithms with light-fidelity”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2020, Doi:10.1109/ICTON51198.2020.92035052020Conference Paper
Saini J.K., Saharia A., Ismail T., Fahim I.S., Tiwari M., Singh G., “Polarization Encoded Multi-logic Functions with Direct Detection”, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, 2020, Doi:10.1007/978-981-15-2926-9_332020Conference Paper
Saharia A., Maddila R.K., Ismail T., Fahim I.S., Tiwari M., Singh G., “Parametric Analysis of Optical Microring Resonator”, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, 2020, Doi:10.1007/978-981-15-2926-9_342020Conference Paper
Mudgal N., Falaswal M.K., Ismail T., Fahim I.S., Tiwari M., Singh G., “Study of Approaches to Implement the Prism-Based Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors”, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, 2020, Doi:10.1007/978-981-15-2926-9_392020Conference Paper
Janyani V., Singh G., Tiwari M., Ismail T., “Preface”, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, 2020, Doi:10.1051/matecconf/2018144000012020Editorial
Ibrahim A., Ismail T., Elsayed K., Darweesh M.S., “Odd clipping optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for VLC system”, International Journal of Communication Systems, Vol. 32, 2019, Doi:10.1002/dac.41502019Article
Garg A.K., Janyani V., Singh G., Ismail T., Selmy H., “Dedicated and broadcasting downstream transmission with energy-efficient and latency-aware ONU interconnection in WDM-PON for smart cities”, Optical Fiber Technology, Vol. 52, 2019, Doi:10.1016/j.yofte.2019.1019492019Article
Al-Nahhal M., Ismail T., “Enhancing spectral efficiency of FSO system using adaptive SIM/M-PSK and SIMO in the presence of atmospheric turbulence and pointing errors”, International Journal of Communication Systems, Vol. 32, 2019, Doi:10.1002/dac.39422019Article
Al-Nahhal M., Ismail T., Nasr M.E., “Spectral efficiency improvement with SISO and SIMO in M-QAM over millimeter-wave links”, International Journal of Communication Systems, Vol. 32, 2019, Doi:10.1002/dac.39022019Article
Sayed W., Ismail T., Elsayed K., “A Neural Network-Based VLC Indoor Positioning System for Moving Users”, 2019 International Conference on Smart Applications, Communications and Networking, SmartNets 2019, 2019, Doi:10.1109/SmartNets48225.2019.90697852019Conference Paper
Hamdy O., Ismail T., “Study of optical power variations in multi-layer human skin model for monitoring the light dose”, NILES 2019 – Novel Intelligent and Leading Emerging Sciences Conference, 2019, Doi:10.1109/NILES.2019.89093322019Conference Paper
Alshaer N., Ismail T., Seleem H., Nasr M.E., “Analysis of Beam Wander and Scintillation in Ground-To-Satellite FSO system with DPSK”, NILES 2019 – Novel Intelligent and Leading Emerging Sciences Conference, 2019, Doi:10.1109/NILES.2019.89093372019Conference Paper
Bassiouni M., Ismail T., Selmy H., Badr Y., “Optical frequency comb generation by interfering multiple lasers in mach-zehnder modulator”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2019, Doi:10.1109/ICTON.2019.88404142019Conference Paper
Alshaer N., Ismail T., Seleem H., Nasr M.E., “Optimized beam size of optical ground-to-satellite link over turbulence and beam-wandering”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2019, Doi:10.1109/ICTON.2019.88405262019Conference Paper
Saeed Darweesh M., Elaskary R.M., Ismail T., “CPRI data compression using non-uniform quantized huffman technique in c-RAN”, ICENCO 2018 – 14th International Computer Engineering Conference: Secure Smart Societies, 2019, Doi:10.1109/ICENCO.2018.86361562019Conference Paper
Mahmoud H.H., Ismail T., Abdellatif S.O., “Energy Efficient Topology Control Algorithm and Dynamic Management Scheme for Underwater IoT Applications”, 2018 IEEE Global Conference on Internet of Things, GCIoT 2018, 2019, Doi:10.1109/GCIoT.2018.86201492019Conference Paper
Quintana C., Sibson P., Erry G., Thueux Y., Kingston E., Ismail T., Faulkner G., Kennard J., Gebremicael K., Clark C., Erven C., Chuard S., Watson M., Rarity J., O’Brien D., “Low size, weight and power quantum key distribution system for small form unmanned aerial vehicles”, Proceedings of SPIE – The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2019, Doi:10.1117/12.25076692019Conference Paper
Helal K., Attia S., Fahmy H.A.H., Ismail T., Ismail Y., Mostafa H., “Dual Split-Merge: A high throughput router architecture for FPGAs”, Microelectronics Journal, Vol. 81, pp 51 to 57, 2018, Doi:10.1016/j.mejo.2018.08.0132018Article
Elhattab M.K., Elmesalawy M.M., Ismail T., Esmat H.H., Abdelhakam M.M., Selmy H., “A Matching Game for Device Association and Resource Allocation in Heterogeneous Cloud Radio Access Networks”, IEEE Communications Letters, Vol. 22, pp 1664 to 1667, 2018, Doi:10.1109/LCOMM.2018.28273702018Article
Ismail T., Leitgeb E., Ghassemlooy Z., Al-Nahhal M., “Performance improvement of FSO system using multi-pulse pulse position modulation and SIMO under atmospheric turbulence conditions and with pointing errors”, IET Networks, Vol. 7, 2018, Doi:10.1049/iet-net.2017.02032018Article
Elhattab M.K., Elmesalawy M.M., Ismail T., “Fronthaul-aware User Association in 5G Heterogeneous Cloud Radio Access Networks: A Matching Game Perspective”, 2018 International Symposium on Networks, Computers and Communications, ISNCC 2018, 2018, Doi:10.1109/ISNCC.2018.85310562018Conference Paper
Sarkar S., Janyani V., Singh G., Ismail T., Selmy H.A., “Design of 64 QAM Transceiver Model and its Performance Analysis for FSO Communication”, 2018 5th International Conference on Signal Processing and Integrated Networks, SPIN 2018, 2018, Doi:10.1109/SPIN.2018.84740502018Conference Paper
Saeed Darweesh M., Ismail T., Mostafa H., “On RF Telemetry for Implantable Medical Devices: A Communication Theory Perspective”, 2018 11th International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks and Digital Signal Processing, CSNDSP 2018, 2018, Doi:10.1109/CSNDSP.2018.84718422018Conference Paper
Yasser M., Ismail T., Ghuniem A., “M-ary ASK Modulation in FSO System with SIMO over Log-normal Atmospheric Turbulence with Pointing Errors”, 2018 11th International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks and Digital Signal Processing, CSNDSP 2018, 2018, Doi:10.1109/CSNDSP.2018.84718122018Conference Paper
Ahmed R.F., Ismail T., Abdelal L.F., Hassan Sweilam N., “Optimization of Power Consumption and Handover Margin of Sleep/Active Cells in Dynamic H-CRAN”, 2018 11th International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks and Digital Signal Processing, CSNDSP 2018, 2018, Doi:10.1109/CSNDSP.2018.84717502018Conference Paper
Maximous G.S., El-Gunidy A.M., Mostafa H., Ismail T., Gabran S., “A new sensitivity-specificity product-based automatic seizure detection algorithm”, 2017 Proceedings of the Japan-Africa Conference on Electronics, Communications, and Computers, JAC-ECC 2017, 2018, Doi:10.1109/JEC-ECC.2017.83057892018Conference Paper
Elaskary R.M., Saeed M., Ismail T., Mostafa H., Gabran S., “Hybrid DCT/Quantized Huffman compression for electroencephalography data”, 2017 Proceedings of the Japan-Africa Conference on Electronics, Communications, and Computers, JAC-ECC 2017, 2018, Doi:10.1109/JEC-ECC.2017.83057902018Conference Paper
Elaskary R.M., Saeed M., Ismail T., “Non-uniform quantized huffman compression technique for EEG data”, ICENCO 2017 – 13th International Computer Engineering Conference: Boundless Smart Societies, 2018, Doi:10.1109/ICENCO.2017.82897912018Conference Paper
Alsenwi M., Saeed M., Ismail T., Mostafa H., Gabran S., “Hybrid compression technique with data segmentation for electroencephalography data”, Proceedings of the International Conference on Microelectronics, ICM, 2018, Doi:10.1109/ICM.2017.82688802018Conference Paper
Ibrahim A., Ismail T., Elsayed K., “Optimized radio resource allocation scheme for indoor optical wireless communication”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2017, Doi:10.1109/ICTON.2017.80247962017Conference Paper
Al-Nahhal M., Ismail T., Selmy H., Elmesalawy M.M., “BPSK based SIM-FSO communication system with SIMO over log-normal atmospheric turbulence with pointing errors”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2017, Doi:10.1109/ICTON.2017.80249532017Conference Paper
Al-Nahhal M., Kasem H.M., Ismai T., Nasr M.E., “FSO-SIMO system with SIM-DPSK over log-normal atmospheric turbulence and misalignment”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2017, Doi:10.1109/ICTON.2017.80249542017Conference Paper
Hassan A.H., Hamed E.M., Badr E., Elsharqawy O., Ismail T., Gabran S.R.I., Ismail Y., Mostafa H., “A VCO-Based MPPT Circuit for Low-Voltage Energy Harvesters”, Proceedings of IEEE Computer Society Annual Symposium on VLSI, ISVLSI, 2017, Doi:10.1109/ISVLSI.2017.1072017Conference Paper
Abd El-Khaleq E., El-Sayed Y., Ismail T., Mostafa H., “Electrical and optical clock and data recovery in optical access networks: a comparative study”, International Journal of Communication Systems, Vol. 29, pp 2555 to 2564, 2016, Doi:10.1002/dac.32022016Article
Ismail T., Leitgeb E., Plank T., “Free space optic and mmwave communications: Technologies, challenges and applications”, IEICE Transactions on Communications, Vol. E99B, pp 1243 to 1254, 2016, Doi:10.1587/transcom.2015EUI00022016Article
Pfahler F., Leitgeb E., Ismail T., “Electromagnetic influence of video walls on the operability of wireless microphones on event stages”, Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Broadband Communications for Next Generation Networks and Multimedia Applications, CoBCom 2016, 2016, Doi:10.1109/COBCOM.2016.75935002016Conference Paper
Ismail T., Leitgeb E., “Performance analysis of SIM-DPSK FSO system over lognormal fading with pointing errors”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2016, Doi:10.1109/ICTON.2016.75503502016Conference Paper
Ismail K., Ismail T., Mostafa H., “Design and implementation of CDR and SerDes for high speed optical communication networks using FPGA”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2016, Doi:10.1109/ICTON.2016.75504872016Conference Paper
Alsenwi M., Ismail T., Mostafa H., “Performance analysis of hybrid lossy/lossless compression techniques for EEG data”, Proceedings of the International Conference on Microelectronics, ICM, 2016, Doi:10.1109/ICM.2016.78478492016Conference Paper
Hassan A.H., Mostafa H., Ismail T., Gabran S.R.I., “An ultra-low power voltage-to-time converter (VTC) circuit for low power and low speed applications”, International System on Chip Conference, 2016, Doi:10.1109/SOCC.2016.79054612016Conference Paper
Gamal N., Fahmy H., Ismail Y., Ismail T., El-Din M.M., Mostafa H., “Design guidelines for soft implementations to embedded NoCs of FPGAs”, International Design and Test Workshop, 2016, Doi:10.1109/IDT.2016.78430112016Conference Paper
Ismail T., Mostafa H., Ismail Y., “Performance evaluation of wavelength exchanging in optical interconnect”, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits, and Systems, 2016, Doi:10.1109/ICECS.2015.74404082016Conference Paper
Omar S., Mostafa H., Ismail T., Gabran S., “Low-power implantable seizure detection processor”, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits, and Systems, 2016, Doi:10.1109/ICECS.2015.74403582016Conference Paper
Ismail T., “Optical packet switching architecture using wavelength optical crossbars”, Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 7, pp 461 to 469, 2015, Doi:10.1364/JOCN.7.0004612015Article
Ali K.M., Mostafa H., Ismail T., “High performance layout-friendly 64-bit priority encoder utilizing parallel priority look-ahead”, 5th International Conference on Energy Aware Computing Systems and Applications, ICEAC 2015, 2015, Doi:10.1109/ICEAC.2015.73521642015Conference Paper
El-Sayed Y., Wageeh A., Ismail T., Mostafa H., “All-optical clock and data recovery using self-pulsating lasers for high-speed optical networks”, 5th International Conference on Energy Aware Computing Systems and Applications, ICEAC 2015, 2015, Doi:10.1109/ICEAC.2015.73521932015Conference Paper
Helal K.A., Attia S., Ismail T., Mostafa H., “Priority-select arbiter: An efficient round-robin arbiter”, Conference Proceedings – 13th IEEE International NEW Circuits and Systems Conference, NEWCAS 2015, 2015, Doi:10.1109/NEWCAS.2015.71820622015Conference Paper
Ismail T., “Complexity and cost reduction of a new OPS using Wavelength Optical Crossbars”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2015, Doi:10.1109/ICTON.2015.71937202015Conference Paper
El-Sayed Y., Ismail T., Mostafa H., “A wide FBG-based Optical Clock and Data Recovery for optical access networks”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2015, Doi:10.1109/ICTON.2015.71935132015Conference Paper
Helal K.A., Attia S., Ismail T., Mostafa H., “Comparative review of NoCs in the context of ASICs and FPGAS”, Proceedings – IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 2015, Doi:10.1109/ISCAS.2015.71690212015Conference Paper
Selmy H., Ismail T., Shalaby H.M.H., “Enhancing BPSK and OOK modulations using hybrid 2BPSK-OOK technique for optical fiber communications systems”, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2014, Doi:10.1109/ICTON.2014.68764842014Conference Paper
Adel R., Ismail T., Hamza H.S., “Design and analysis of a bufferless Optical Packet Switch architecture with Wavelength Optical Crossbars”, Proceedings – 2013 Wireless and Optical Communications Conference, WOCC 2013, 2013, Doi:10.1109/WOCC.2013.66764562013Conference Paper
Ismail T., El-Azab J.M., Badr Y.A., “The impact of changing HNL-DSF parameters on wavelength exchanging”, Proceedings of the 2013 2nd International Japan-Egypt Conference on Electronics, Communications and Computers, JEC-ECC 2013, 2013, Doi:10.1109/JEC-ECC.2013.67664022013Conference Paper
Ismail T., El-Azab J.M., Badr Y.A., “Wavelength exchanging technologies modeling, comparison, and validation”, 2012 9th International Conference on High Capacity Optical Networks and Enabling Technologies, HONET 2012, 2012, Doi:10.1109/HONET.2012.64214432012Conference Paper
Hamza H.S., Ismail T., El-Sayed K., “On the design of asynchronous optical packet switch architectures with shared delay lines and converters”, Photonic Network Communications, Vol. 22, pp 191 to 208, 2011, Doi:10.1007/s11107-011-0319-x2011Article
Ismail T., Hamza H.S., Elsayed K., Elazab J., “An enhanced OPS architecture with optical buffers”, 6th International Symposium on High Capacity Optical Networks and Enabling Technologies, HONET ’09, 2009, Doi:10.1109/HONET.2009.54230782009Conference Paper